Study Questions for Plato’s RepublicBook II1. Explain Glaucon’s three kinds of goods. What sort of good does Socrates believe justice to be? (357a-e) What sort of good did most people of Socrates’s time believe justice to be? (358a)1) things we desire only for their consequences (physical training, medical treatment) -Glaucon2) things we desire only for their own sake (joy)3) things we desire for both their own sake and what we get from them (knowledge, sight, health)- SocratesAt this point in history people believed justice to be among the goods that were desired only for their consequences.2. What was the popular explanation for the origin of justice? (358e-359b)We engage in justice out of dear and weakness.We know we would suffer worse without justice.3. Glaucon, playing devil’s advocate, argues that those who practice justice do so unwillingly. How does he make this argument? (359b-360d)Glaucon tells the legend of the ring of Gyges. The ring makes man invisible, and without being held liable even the most-just man would indulge in being materialistic, power-hungry, and lustful.
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