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schizophrenia essay

schizophrenia essay - Rebecca Austin Cochran ENG 190...

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Rebecca Austin September 27, 2010 Cochran ENG 190 Schizophrenia There is more to life than meets the eye. For a sizeable portion of the world’s population, there is an entire reality happening in their brain that is completely separate from the real world. Schizophrenia, a severe brain disorder that is associated with delusional thoughts, among many other things, affects approximately 1.1% of people 18 years of age and older in the United States (NIMH). This chronic disorder ranges in severity and can have anywhere from simply minor effects on one’s life to a crippling effect on their experiences. Understanding schizophrenia is important so as to reduce the social stigma surrounding the disorder. Schizophrenia is characterized by an altered perception of reality. The typical age of onset for men is 25, although it is age 30 for women (helpguide.org). This age range can vary, as some cases show signs of schizophrenia in childhood or
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the onset, the more severe the case. Men also tend to develop more severe cases than women do (helpguide.org). Schizophrenia is marked by a variety of symptoms that vary with the different types of schizophrenia. Symptoms are divided into three categories: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms are symptoms that are not usually present in healthy people (nami.org). These include psychotic symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are false beliefs about the world around them that are not a part of a person’s culture (nimh). For example, a schizophrenic person may believe that their neighbor is out to get them or listening in on their thoughts. Hallucinations are “things a person sees, hears, smells, or feels that no one else can see, hear, smell, or feel” (nimh). For instance, they may hear voices talking to them telling them what to do. In addition, schizophrenics may exhibit negative symptoms, which are “disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors” (nimh). In other words, it is the lack of traits that should be present. For example, they may have a flattened affect, which is a lack of or dulled emotions. They also may exhibit a loss of interest in everyday activities or lack of ability to carry out daily activities. Conversations may also have little
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schizophrenia essay - Rebecca Austin Cochran ENG 190...

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