Sample Questions Renal 09

Sample Questions Renal 09 - Renal Sample Questions F09...

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MCB32 Kidney Sample Questions F09 1 Renal Sample Questions F09 True/False 1. One of the main functions of the kidneys is to regulate extracellular volume. 2. Urine enters the urethra before entering the bladder. 3. The concentration of glucose in the nephron at the end of the proximal tubule is less than the concentration of glucose in plasma. 4. The proximal convoluted tubule reabsorbs approximately 15% of water and ions entering it. 5. The water permeability of the proximal tubule is regulated by antidiuretic hormone. 6. An increase in the plasma concentration of ADH will increase water excretion 7. A decrease in the plasma sodium concentration will trigger an increase in plasma ADH levels. Multiple Choice 1. Functions of the kidney include regulation of: A. Blood plasma pH B. Blood plasma volume C. Blood plasma electrolyte concentration D. All of the above 2. Urine is transported to the urinary bladder by the A. Ureter B. Urethra C. Peritubular capillaries D. Vasa recta 3. Prior to entering the collecting ducts, nephron tubular fluid must pass through: A. Bowman’s capsule B. Loop of Henle C. Proximal convoluted tubule D. All of the above 4. Glucose must diffuse through which of the following at the glomerulus: A. Fenestrations B. Podocyte extensions C. Basement membrane D. All of the above
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MCB32 Kidney Sample Questions F09 2 5. The majority of reabsorption occurs in the: A. Collecting duct B. Distal convoluted tubule C. Loop of Henle D. Proximal tubule 6. The tubular filtrate has the highest osmolarity: A. As it enters the proximal convoluted tubule B. As it enters the distal convoluted tubule C. At the tip of the loop of Henle D. As it exits the proximal tubule 7. Inhibition of the function(s) of the descending limb of the loop of Henle will result in: A. Decreased water reabsorption B. Decreased plasma sodium concentration C. Decreased ADH secretion D. Decreased plasma osmolarity
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Sample Questions Renal 09 - Renal Sample Questions F09...

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