Lecture 16 - Minerals __ Vitamins_ and Bone Health

Lecture 16 - Minerals __ Vitamins_ and Bone Health -...

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Lecture 16: Minerals (& Vitamins) and Bone Health Recommended Readings: From Thompson et al, The Science of  Nutrition, parts of Chapter 11.
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Important Words 2 1,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D Bone Calcitriol Calcium Cortical bone Fluoride Hydroxyapatite crystals Hypercalcemia Hypocalcemia Magnesium Osteoblasts Osteoclasts Osteoporosis Phosphorus Remodeling Rickets Trabecular bone Vitamin D
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Lecture Outline Bone health and disease Components of bone and bone structure Calcium homeostasis and bone Role of vitamins in bone health – Vitamins  D & C  Role of other minerals – phosphorus,  magnesium & fluoride Summary 3
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Functions of Bone 4 Provide structure and support in body  for organs (eg. protect lungs, brain)  for muscles – allow movement Necessary for some metabolic functions  storage reservoir for minerals (calcium, phosphorus  & fluoride) that have essential metabolic functions   produce most blood cells (eg. RBC’s, platelets)
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Rickets – A Bone Deforming Disease 5 Thompson, Figure 11.10 Rickets - A sister and brother Rachford, 1912
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Figure 11.16 Osteoporosis – Also Osteoporosis – Also A Bone Deforming A Bone Deforming Disease Disease 6
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5 Nutrition  Related! 7
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Lecture Outline Bone health and disease Components of bone and bone structure Calcium homeostasis and bone Role of vitamins in bone health – Vitamins  D & C  Role of other minerals – phosphorus,  magnesium & fluoride Summary 8
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Components of Components of Bone Bone 5
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2011 for the course NUTRI SCI 10 taught by Professor Amy during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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Lecture 16 - Minerals __ Vitamins_ and Bone Health -...

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