AS1116 03192011

AS1116 03192011 - I. War and the American Military Notes A....

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I. War and the American Military Notes A. Define war according to Clausewitz 1. Definition of War a) "War is nothing but a duel on an extensive scale. ..Each strives by physical force to compel the other to submit to his will… War therefore is an act of violence to compel our opponent to do our will." - Carl von Clausewitz B. Enduring Truths of War 1. Instrument of national policy 2. 3. Clash of opposing will C. Basic Themes of War 1. Politics and violence are intertwined 2. War is a policy that fights battles instead of writing notes D. Viewpoints on War 1. Realism a) Wars are clashes of power and interest b) Moral constraints should never be put above a nation's self-interest c) Focuses on military necessity, where all methods can or should be used to achieve victory: (1) Burning of the Atlanta in Civil War d) Essentially. ..Win at all costs! 2. Holy War a) Wars aren't merely human affairs:
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b) Divine instrument c) Cosmic battle between Good and Evil 3. Pacifism a) Opposes war as a means of settling disputes and advocates us of arbitration, surrender b) Avoidance of war at all costs c) BLUF: War only as a last resort 4. Just WAR a) Killing is morally unacceptable b) Determine when war is morally justified and define actions that are permissible c) Focuses on: (1) Protection of non-combatants (2) Wage war by clearly defined rules d) BLUF: Fight for a just cause and employ just means E. Factors Dominating War 1. Fog a) Difficulty to see and understand what's happening in battle b) Once a literal 'FOG" c) Now more figuratively: (1) Too much happening (2) Misinformation (3) Conflicting information
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d) Overwhelmed with too much info!!! (1) Battle of Waterloo, June 1815 2. Friction a) Murphy's Law… at its worst (1) Troops are lost (2) Bombs miss their target (3) Enemies don't act as expected b) Friction is that which seems easy in war-planning, yet made difficult in reality! 3. Chance a) Plain dumb luck and fortune! (1) Assassination attempt on Hitler (2) Sinking of USS Indianapolis F. Elements of War 1. Participants a) State vs. State (1) Iraq-Iran War b) Groups within a State (1) Former Republic of Yugoslavia c) Non-State entities (1) Taliban, al-Qaeda… 2. Motives
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a) Secular ideology…. Communist vs. Democratic b) Ethnic/tribal hatred…. Tutsis vs. Hutus c) Religion…. Sunnis vs. Shiites d) Territory…. German conquest in WWIII e) Economic gain…. Hitler's rise to power f) Revenge…. . Spanish-American War g) Pre-emptive…. Six-Day War of 1967 h) Usually a mixture of some or all the above! 3.
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AS1116 03192011 - I. War and the American Military Notes A....

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