Lecture1-S1-11

Lecture1-S1-11 - ENG 1010 Process Systems Analysis 3/9/2011...

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Process Systems Analysis ENG 1010 1 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Academic staff Dr. Estee Yong email: [email protected] Building 5 Level 4 Ms. Gui Meei Mei email: [email protected] Building 5 Level 5 2 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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In this unit: We introduce the concepts and tools which will be required for the analysis of engineering systems involving the transport and processing of gases, liquids and solids. 3 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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This will allow you to perform simple preliminary analysis that is necessary for the design and understanding of engineering systems such as: refrigeration plant, a power plant involving a gas turbine, alternative energy sources such as biomass gasification or hydro power, air-conditioning plant, water purification or desalination, spray drier for producing milk powder, a jet engine and many others…………… 4 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Wind power Hydro power Gas turbine power generation (combined cycle) Power from Biomass 5 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Bioproducts Biofuels Spray Dryer Aero 6 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Plasma (created by an electric field passing through a nitrogen-oxygen gas) used in etching microprocessor circuits 7 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Mobil Oil Refinery, Adelaide Petrol from Crude Oil 8 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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9 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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The Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit at Mobil’s Altona Refinery “cracks” the high boiling point (low value) fractions into petrol fractions (high value). 10 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Pretreater Kerosene (Jet Fuel) Heating Oil Vacuum Distillation H 2 S removal Reformer Reactor Alkylation Pentane Fluid catalytic cracking unit (reactor) gas plant Fractionation unit crude oil LPG Blended for petrol industrial fuel oil crude oil distillation Simplified process diagram of part of an oil refinery 11 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Following are just a few products that get their start in a refinery: ammonia antiseptics bubble gum crayons adhesive eyeglass frames fertilizer guitar strings heart valves eskys insect repellant life preservers liquid detergent mascara paint pingpong paddles plastic beverage containers roller-skate wheels runners synthetic fibres telephones basketballs 12 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Coarse Screen / Communitor raw wastewater large objects Sedimentation Tank scums sludge Digester Aerobic Reaction microorganisms air biological sludge Sedimentation Tank Chlorine Contact Tank chlorine Neutralizing Tank treated wastewater chlorine neutralizing agents Wastewater treatment plant 13 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Beer has been made and consumed for thousands of years. Raw Materials : •Malt (from barley) •Water •Yeast •Hops Processing steps : •Mashing •Wort boiling •fermentation •maturation •filtration •pasteurisation Beer Making 14 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Mashing Wort Boiling Separation of spent grain Wort cooling Fermentation Maturation Filtration CO 2 addition Pasteurisation Packaging malt 15 t water 100 t spent grain 20 t Carbon dioxide 5.5 t yeast 0.5 t water vapour 1 t liquid sugar 8 t hop extract recovered yeast 1.5 t Carbon dioxide beer (6% alcohol) 93.5 t 10C 98C protein 2 t 15 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Mass balance Energy balance Heat transfer Concepts Modelling Process simulator Diagrams Tools 16 3/9/2011 MM Gui
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Some important concepts/terminologies in Process System Analysis. .
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2011 for the course ENGR 1010 taught by Professor Dean during the Three '11 term at Monash.

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Lecture1-S1-11 - ENG 1010 Process Systems Analysis 3/9/2011...

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