Psychology - ManicDisorders PrevalenceofmoodDisorder...

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Manic Disorders Prevalence of mood Disorder      Unipolar o      6% of US population, well over 10 million people o      2 times more likely in women- why?      Women internalize their problems due to gender roles      Hormones      A “womanly” Symptom Cognitive Model of Depression      Though episodes may be triggered by an event or loss, it occurs most  often for people who have depressive cognitive styles o      Faulty schema= generalized beliefs about the world      Include: exception, attributions (negative : global, stable,  internal) Assumptions: “shoulds” (ellis) o      Automatic thoughts for the “cognitive triad”      Negative views of 1. Self 2. Experiences and 3. The  future o      Dysfunctional Cognitive Processes (Beck)      Arbitrary inference      Selective abstraction      Overgeneralization      Magnification and minimization      Personalization attribution      Learned Helplessness (Seligman)      Animal Studies = unreinforced effort leads to  giving up      Reformulated model: unsuccessful efforts leads to  depressotypic attributions      Negative events are due to global, stable and  internal causes      Some people are predisposed to this “attributional 
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Psychology - ManicDisorders PrevalenceofmoodDisorder...

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