edith pysch 2 - DisordersStudyGuidePart2 Agoraphobia

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Disorders Study Guide Part 2 Agoraphobia      Generalized of having a panic attack (fear of fear) o      Often manifested as fear of public places, open spaces,  leaving home o      Sometimes symptoms like claustrophobia      Fear inability to escape from enclosed places      Causes o      Usually not a clear link to a specific incident o      Maladaptive cognition- arousal interpreted as onset of panic o      Secondary gain- avoidance is reinforced      Pay off in the real world from the symptom o      Primary- keep unwanted impulses unconscious      Treatments of Agoraphobia o      In vivo exposure      Graded exposure paired with reinforcement      Support groups- encouragement      Family involvement      Provide support and reduce secondary gains Panic Disorder      Frequent unpredicatable panick attacks, not linked to precipitant o      Dizziness, cheat pain palpations, sweating shortness of breath,  faintness etc (heart Attack) o      4 or more attacks withing a month o      agoraphobia      Causes o      Biological related to norpinephrine activity      Responsive to anti-depressant medication      But, also responsive to xanax, a benzodiazapine o      Cognitive overinterpret arousal as signs of panic      Self fulfilling phrophecy- causes attack      Anxiety sensitivity- chronic illness in family as child      Treatment of Panic o      Cognitive restructuring to reinterprets physical symptoms-
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o      Interoceptive exposure      Inducing physical symptoms o      Anti-depressant medications Obsessive-compulsive Disorder      Obsessions o      Repeated persistent intrusive thoughts o      Themes of      Dirt filth contamination      Aggression, sex      Religious content o      Thought causes anxiety      Compulsions o      Repetitive, ritualistic behaviors o      Sever to bind anxiety o      Includes cleaning checking touching counting
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edith pysch 2 - DisordersStudyGuidePart2 Agoraphobia

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