Marx Engels Communist Manifesto 1848

Marx Engels Communist Manifesto 1848 - Manifesto of the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Manifesto of the Communist Party Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Marxists Internet Archive (marxists.org) 2005 Manifesto of the Communist Party By Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels Written: Late 1847. First Published: February 1848. Source: Marx/Engels Selected Works, Volume One, Progress Publishers, Moscow, USSR, 1969, pp. 98-137. Translated: Samuel Moore in cooperation with Frederick Engels, 1888. Transcription/Markup: Zodiac and Brian Basgen Proofread: Checked and corrected against the English Edition of 1888, by Andy Blunden, 2004. Public Domain: This work is completely free. Marx/Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org) 1991, 2000, 2004.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Manifesto of the Communist Party Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Marxists Internet Archive (marxists.org) 2005 A spectre is haunting Europe — the spectre of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies. Where is the party in opposition that has not been decried as communistic by its opponents in power? Where is the opposition that has not hurled back the branding reproach of communism, against the more advanced opposition parties, as well as against its reactionary adversaries? Two things result from this fact: I. Communism is already acknowledged by all European powers to be itself a power. II. It is high time that Communists should openly, in the face of the whole world, publish their views, their aims, their tendencies, and meet this nursery tale of the Spectre of Communism with a manifesto of the party itself. To this end, Communists of various nationalities have assembled in London and sketched the following manifesto, to be published in the English, French, German, Italian, Flemish and Danish languages.
Background image of page 2
Manifesto of the Communist Party Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Marxists Internet Archive (marxists.org) 2005 Bourgeois and Proletarians 1 The history of all hitherto existing society 2 is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master 3 and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes. In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations. The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/31/2011 for the course AMST 150 taught by Professor Perkinson during the Fall '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

Page1 / 44

Marx Engels Communist Manifesto 1848 - Manifesto of the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online