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Reflection - 1 Makayla Bradford 17935574 Deviance is...

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1 Makayla Bradford 17935574 Deviance is defined as a violation of societal norms according to Professor Kanuha. Crime is defined as a “violation of rules that have been written into law” (142 Henslin). There is no law against people being homeless; therefore homeless are deviants in society rather than criminals. There are four main concepts related to homelessness that gives us a better understanding to why this is such a huge problem. First is the Strain Theory, particularly retreatism, is about how deviance is the product of social values. The second concept is the Conflict Perspective, particularly power and inequality, which says the tensions between social class’s leads to conflict between capitalist, working class and marginal working classes. Weber’s Three P’s is the third concept that says property, power and prestige determines one social status in society. The last concept is the threatening trends in the United States, which includes stagnant paychecks and outsourcing production. We will see the reasons why there is homelessness and the factors that have contributed to it. In chapter 6, the Strain Theory gives us ways people respond to strain through four different deviant paths and how cultural goals play a big role in deviance. The goal of most people is to reach the cultural goals, but not everyone can achieve success because lack of institutional means (152). To be successful in Hawaii, having an education and/or job is very important. Most homeless people do not have access to either and so they experience strain within society. Reasons they are unable to get a job include lack of access to the internet where many job applications are conducted, regular access to bathing facilities and clean laundry (Barb Forsyth). They are unable to have education because of physical and mental disabilities, no stability in lifestyle, and lack of money for schooling. Homeless attempt to acquire a job or education, but find it difficult, which leads them to being looked at as deviants in society because they are not following norms. Out of the four deviant paths, retreatism describes homelessness
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