Midterm - Part 2 Hawaiian Religion(below are the 3...

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Part 2 Hawaiian Religion (below are the 3 categories of Deities) 1. : sky father & earth mother, 2 deities recognized by the Hawaiian Ho’ohokukalani (youngest daughter) – began to have sexual relations with father Haloanakakaupalili (still born child of Ho’ohokukalani & father) – buried and place in a terrel plant in growth Had second child and took to burial site and said of you tend him, he will tend you Lessons from the creation myths: Importance of genealogy Mana shared throughout system (inherit it by birth) Gendered nature of the cosmos (determine what you eat and how you are worshipped) 2. Akua : the great, national deities who were recognized by Hawaiians and called upon in time of crisis or for major events There are 4 (each has various manifestations): 1. Kane : God of fresh water, sunlight, life, etc. 2. Ku : God of war, chiefs, forests, canoe making, fishing, medicine 3. Lono 4. Kanaloa How you worship determined by: social class, gender and profession 3. Aumakua : personal and family deities who provide protection & guidance; they are deified ancestors who take on a variety of forms such as sharks, great lizards, volcano, etc. How do people acquire Aumakua: chooses person or inheritance within family Don’t eat our relatives, whatever your Aumakua is, you don’t eat it or anything that is associated with it Hinduism Braham: the unifying cosmic power or principle underlying everything; sometimes called “universal soul”; an impersonal force, not a deity Development of Braham Earliest meaning is words used for sacrifice Later referred to power inherent in ritual In Upanishads, becomes unifying cosmic power, “universal soul” Focus on Vedic religions sacrifice (ex: fire) New religious focus = attain knowledge of Brahman through meditation considered as without attributes and with attributes; once we talk about things they become an attribute because it is beyond our ability to conceive Karma: action; the personal consequences that accrue from action What goes around comes around; we make our own karma Development of Karma Earliest meaning is ritual action Later referred to ritual action and its consequences/results
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In Upanishads refers to an individual’s actions and personal consequences that accrue from them Consequences (fruit of action) may be experienced in this life or in future life – eventually eat the fruit of the action even if in the next lifetime An impersonal law, not based on the will of a deity; morality-action has consequences All differences in social status, health, fortune, life-span and gender are all the fruits of karma (born with these) Moksha: release, freedom, liberation of the atman from its bondage to samsara; cycle of
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Midterm - Part 2 Hawaiian Religion(below are the 3...

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