vocablist0607-1 - AP Human Geography Vocabulary Lists...

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Sequent occupance: The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. This is an important concept in geography because it symbolizes how humans interact with their surroundings. Cultural landscape: Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. This is the essence of how humans interact with nature. Arithmetic density: The total number of people divided by the total land area. This is what most people think of as density; how many people per area of land. Physiological density: The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture. This is important because it relates to how much land is being used by how many people. Hearth: The region from which innovative ideas originate. This relates to the important concept of the spreading of ideas from one area to another (diffusion). Diffusion: The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time. Relocation diffusion: The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another. Ex: spread of Expansion diffusion: The spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process. This can happen in 3 ways: -Hierarchical diffusion: The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places (Ex: hip-hop/rap music) -Contagious diffusion: The rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population. (Ex: ideas placed on the internet) -Stimulus diffusion: the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to Absolute distance: Exact measurement of the physical space between two places. Relative distance: Approximate measurement of the physical space between two places. Distribution: The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface. Environmental determinism: A 19 th - and early 20 th -century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study o f how the physical environment caused human activities. Absolute location: Position on Earth’s surface using the coordinate system of longitude (that runs from North to South Pole) and latitude (that runs parallel to the equator). Relative location: Position on Earth’s surface relative to other features. (Ex: My house is west of 394). AP Human Geography – Vocabulary Lists Compiled by Martha Sharma, Hilton Head Completed by WHS-APHG Block 1 2006-07
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Site: The physical character of place; what is found at the location and why it is significant (For more on Site & Situation, see p.16). Situation:
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vocablist0607-1 - AP Human Geography Vocabulary Lists...

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