Assignment 3 - HNF 320 S10 Section 001 Myrica Gale Cara...

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HNF 320 S10 Section 001 Myrica Gale Cara Gabris A40648813 Kali Sarcinella Kathleen Revard South Beach Diet and Diabetes Introduction: Frequent urination, cuts that are slow to heal, continual infections, extreme fatigue and irritability. These are all side effects of diabetes. What if there was a diet that could help reduce the effects of diabetes? The South Beach Diet is a solution to help alleviate the condition of those who suffer from type 2 diabetes. The diet focuses on the consumption of “good fats”, whole grains, frequent snacking, and low-glycemic foods. Foods that are low on the glycemic index help stabilize blood sugar levels and help control the release of insulin. This is especially important for people with diabetes. Also, frequent snacking is helpful in maintaining health in diabetics by spreading the carbohydrates throughout the day and not having a huge spike in blood levels. The South Beach Diet is beneficial for people with diabetes because of its emphasis on frequent snacking, healthy fats, and the consumption of foods that are low on the glycemic index. ****Mention exercise as well as the phases/background of the diet!!! Body of Knowledge: Effective management of diabetes must include control of postprandial glucose levels. Postprandial plasma glucose depends on the composition of meals, specifically the amount of carbohydrates (Jovanovic). Therefore, low carbohydrate diets are appealing to diabetics because of their antihyperglycemic effect (Nielsen). One study took ten obese patients with type 2 diabetes and put them on a fourteen day low carbohydrate diet following a seven day period of usual diet. There was also a reduction in energy intake to a level appropriate to their height (Boden). It was found that the mean twenty four hour plasma profiles of glucose levels normalized, and the mean hemoglobin A1C decreased from 7.3% to 6.8%. Insulin sensitivity also improved by approximately 75%. This demonstrates how low carbohydrate diets, such as The South Beach Diet, improve the health of people with diabetes. In diabetes patients, snacking is important because it divides the carbohydrate intake over the course of the day. Consequently, the amount of insulin secreted by the body is also spread out and in small quantities (as long as the glycemic index is low). If a diabetic were to consume three meals with a high glycemic index throughout the day, the body would produce large amounts of insulin in order to break down the sugars.
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