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Unformatted text preview: What is the function of music in society? Entertainment Mood enhancement Lift the spirit Memorization Etc. Musical Categories Music is either Instrumental, Vocal, or a combination of both Music is either Sacred or Secular Genre Genre describes general categories of music that suggest the overall characteristics of a work. o Concerto-solo w/ orchestra o Sonata- solo w/ piano o Opera- voice accompaniment by ochestra (secular) o Symphony- orchestra o String quartet- two violins, violas and cello o Mass- o oratorio- sacred opera (messiah)- no staging or acting Medium Medium describes the performing forces (type of group) employed in a certain musical work. o Orchestra o Chorus o Brass Quintet o Etc. Historical Periods in Music (these are dates you will need to know) Medieval c. 476 1450 (almost 1000 years) Renaissance 1450 1600 (150 years) Baroque 1600 1750 (150 years) Classical 1750 1825 (75 years) Romantic 1825 1900 (75 years) 20 th Century 1900 2000 Musical Sound-organized vibrations Vibrations are perceived by the human ear Sound without organization is noise Pitch and Duration give organization to sound that will then qualify as music o Pitch is the speed (frequency) at which a sound vibrates o Duration is the length in time of a vibration Musical Notation A musical staff consists of 5 lines and 4 spaces Each line or space is named after a letter in the alphabet (a-g) When you double the frequency, you create an octave. This note is 8 steps higher and will have the same name as the lower note o A B C D E F G A When these 8 steps are played in sequence the result is a scale. Melody This is the tune. It is usually what you remember and sing. Range A melody will cover a certain range measured from the highest note to the lowest note. o A range of an octave or less is considered to be a narrow range. o A range of more than an octave is considered to be a wide range. Intervals The distance between two notes is called an interval. Count the first note as 1, then count each line and space up or down to the next note and you will come up with the interval (3 rd , 5 th , etc.) Melodic Contour Conjunct motion o Smooth movement o Mostly stepwise motion o Narrow range Disjunct motion o Angular motion o Mostly larger intervals o Wide range Phrase A musical sentence- amazing grace how sweet the sound A unit of meaning within a larger structure Many of our hymns are written so that each line represents a musical phrase....
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2011 for the course MUSIC 100 taught by Professor Dr.brown during the Fall '09 term at BYU.
- Fall '09