lecture17 - Magnetism (3 weeks) C HAPTER 29: Magnetic...

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Magnetism (3 weeks) CHAPTER 29 : Magnetic fields exert a force on moving charges. CHAPTER 30 : Moving charges (currents) create magnetic fields. CHAPTERS 31, 32 : Changing magnetic fields create electric fields. (Induction)
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Magnetic fields Magnetic poles, forces, and fields Force on a moving charged particle Force on a current-carrying wire
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Magnets and Magnetic Forces Similar model to electrostatics: Each magnet has two poles at its ends. B is the magnetic field vector (magnetic flux density) N S Magnetic poles come in two types, “N” and “S”. Due to the Earth’s magnetism, a magnet will tend to rotate until the “N” end points North. (the earth’s north magnetic pole is actually a south pole) Forces between magnets are due to the forces between each pair of poles, similar to the electrostatic forces between point charges.
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N N S S S N like poles repel N N unlike poles attract The force gets smaller as distance increases.
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N N S Magnetic Field B Magnetic poles produce a field B (think of S as a – charge and of N as a + charge) S The external field exerts forces on poles B B F F
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lecture17 - Magnetism (3 weeks) C HAPTER 29: Magnetic...

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