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Unformatted text preview: 418 24 Run-Ons Two Sentences Joined Incorrectly Understand What Run-Ons Are A sentence is also called an independent clause , a group of words with a subject and a verb that expresses a complete thought. Sometimes, two independent clauses can be joined correctly in one sentence. SENTENCES WITH TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES Independent clause Independent clause The fog was very thick, so the airport closed. Independent clause Independent clause Passengers were delayed for hours, and many were angry. A run-on is two sentences (each containing a subject and a verb and expressing a complete thought) that are joined incorrectly and written as one sentence. There are two kinds of run-ons fused sentences and comma splices . A fused sentence is two complete sentences joined without any punctuation. Independent clause Independent clause FUSED SENTENCE Anger is a dangerous emotion it has many bad effects. No punctuation IDEA JOURNAL What is a run-on? Do you sometimes have to guess when to end a sentence? In the examples throughout this sec- tion, the subject is underlined once, and the verb is underlined twice. EDITING ESSAYS Chapter 24 Run-Ons 419 A comma splice is two complete sentences joined by only a comma in- stead of a comma and one of the following words: and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet. COMMA SPLICE Anger is a dangerous emotion, it has many bad effects. Comma In the Real World, Why Is It Important to Correct Run-Ons? Run-ons are errors that many people, including instructors and employ- ers, will notice, as the following example shows. SITUATION: Marion is new to her position as a licensed practical nurse at a large hospital. Each day, she updates patients records and writes brief summaries of their progress for other nurses. The following is a report that Marion wrote in her fi rst week on the job. Trudari Kami is a premature infant she was born with a birth weight of 1.7 pounds her lungs were not fully developed, she was not able to breathe on her own. As of 2:15 a.m. on Thursday, April 6, she remains in stable condition her condition is still critical though she is being carefully monitored. RESPONSE: Patty Maloney, the clinical nurse spet profi led in Chapter 13, had the following response to Marions report. I had to meet with Marion, who is obviously not sure how to com- municate clearly in medical documents. I explained to her that what she had written was very diffi cult to understand, and I worked with her on editing the report so that the next person would understand what Mar- ion was trying to say. I had to do this because the reports must be clear; otherwise, the next person might not be sure how to treat the baby. Find and Correct Run-Ons To fi nd run-ons, focus on each sentence in your writing one at a time....
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