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com155_Ch35 - 35 Commonly Confused Words Avoiding Mistakes...

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Understand Why Certain Words Are Commonly Confused Certain words in English are confusing because they sound alike and may have similar meanings. In writing, words that sound alike may be spelled differently, and readers rely on the spelling to understand what you mean. Edit your writing carefully to make sure that you have used the correct words. 35 Commonly Confused Words Avoiding Mistakes with Sound-Alikes IDEA JOURNAL Write about something you and a friend or family member dis- agree about. Explain your friend’s opinion as well as your own. 647 STRATEGIES FOR EDITING SOUND-ALIKES 1. Proofread carefully, using the techniques on page 662. 2. Use a dictionary to find the meaning of words you are unsure of. 3. Focus on finding and correcting mistakes you make with the twenty-seven sets of commonly confused words covered in this chapter. 4. Develop a personal list of sound-alikes that confuse you. Before you turn in any piece of writing, consult your personal list to make sure you have used the correct words. ¡
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EDITING ESSAYS 648 Part Six • Word Use Practice Using Commonly Confused Words Correctly Study the different meanings and spellings of these twenty-seven sets of commonly confused words. Complete the sentence after each set of words, filling in each blank with the correct word. A / An / And a: used before a word that begins with a consonant sound A bat was living behind the shutter. an: used before a word that begins with a vowel sound An elderly lady sat beside me. and: used to join two words My sister and I went to the amusement park. A friend and I got lost in an old maze. Most classrooms have worn-out chair old desk for the teacher. Accept / Except accept: to agree to receive or admit (verb) I plan to accept the offer. except: but, other than (conjunction) The whole family was there except my brother. I accept all your requests except the one to borrow my car. Do not anything from people at airports from family members. Advice / Advise advice: opinion (noun) I would like your advice on this decision. advise: to give an opinion (verb) My boyfriend advises me about car repairs. Please advise me what to do; your advice is always helpful. me of your plans, particularly if you don’t follow my . ¡
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EDITING ESSAYS Chapter 35 • Commonly Confused Words 649 Affect / Effect affect: to have an impact on, to change something (verb) The whole region was affected by the drought. effect: a result (noun) The lack of water will have a tremendous effect on many businesses. The sunny weather has had a positive effect on people’s moods, but it will negatively affect the economy. Since this year’s drought will the cost of food, we’ll be feeling its personally. Are / Our are: a form of the verb be The flowers are ready to bloom.
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