com155_Ch37 - EDITING ESSAYS Part Seven Punctuation and...

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Unformatted text preview: EDITING ESSAYS Part Seven Punctuation and Capitalization 37. Commas 673 38. Apostrophes 688 39. Quotation Marks 696 40. Other Punctuation 705 41. Capitalization 712 673 37 Commas , Understand What Commas Do Commas (,) are punctuation marks that help readers understand a sen- tence. Read aloud the following three sentences. How does the use of commas change the meaning? NO COMMA After you call Jim Ill leave for the restaurant. ONE COMMA After you call Jim , Ill leave for the restaurant. TWO COMMAS After you call , Jim , Ill leave for the restaurant. Commas signal particular meanings to your readers, so it is important that you understand when and how to use them. Practice Using Commas Correctly Commas between Items in a Series Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. This includes the last item in the series, which usually has and before it. item , item , item , and item IDEA JOURNAL Write about some things you enjoy doing. EDITING ESSAYS 674 Part Seven Punctuation and Capitalization When you go to the store, please pick up milk , bread , orange juice , and bananas . Last semester I took math , reading , and composition . Students may take the course as a regular classroom course , as an online course , or as a distance learning course . A comma is not always used before the fi nal item in a series. In college writing, however, it is always best to include it. Commas between Coordinate Adjectives Coordinate adjectives are two or more adjectives that independently modify the same noun and are separated by commas. Coordinate adjec- tives can be separated by the word and . We had an entire month of cold , damp , grey weather. The car is old , battered , and rusty . Do not use a comma between the fi nal adjective and the noun it modifi es. INCORRECT It was a long , hard , complicated , test. CORRECT It was a long , hard , complicated test. Cumulative adjectives modify the same noun but form a unit and are not separated by commas. Cumulative adjectives cannot be joined by the word and . Our team wants to win the big regional sales trophy. All of the words in italics are adjectives, but they build on each other. Moving left from trophy, each adjective becomes part of a larger unit. 1. Sales describes the trophy. 2. The next word to the left, regional, describes not just the trophy but the sales trophy. 3. The next word to the left, big, describes the regional sales trophy. The team didnt want to win just a big trophy or just a regional trophy or just a sales trophy. The team wanted the big regional sales trophy. To summarize the rule: Use a comma to separate two or more coor- dinate adjectives. Do not use commas to separate cumulative adjectives....
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2011 for the course COM 155 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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com155_Ch37 - EDITING ESSAYS Part Seven Punctuation and...

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