com155_Ch39 - 39 Quotation Marks Understand What Quotation...

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696 39 Quotation Marks “ ” Understand What Quotation Marks Do Quotation marks (“ ”) are punctuation marks with two common uses in college writing: They are used with some quotations, and they are used to set off titles. They always appear in pairs. A quotation is the report of another person’s words. There are two types of quotations: direct quotations (the exact repetition, word for word, of what someone said or wrote) and indirect quotations (a re- statement of what someone said or wrote, not word for word). Quotation marks are used only for direct quotations. DIRECT QUOTATION George said, I’m getting a haircut. INDIRECT QUOTATION George said that he was getting a haircut. Practice Using Quotation Marks Correctly Quotation Marks for Direct Quotations When you write a direct quotation, you need to use quotation marks around the quoted words. These marks tell readers that the words used are exactly what was said or written. Quoted words are usually combined with words that identify who is speak ing. The identifying words can come after the quoted words, before IDEA JOURNAL Write about a conversation you had today. To understand this chapter, you need to know what a sentence is. For a review, see Chapter 22. ¡
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EDITING ESSAYS Chapter 39 • Quotation Marks 697 them, or in the middle. Here are some guidelines for capitalization and punctuation: Capitalize the F rst letter in a complete sentence that’s being quoted, even if it comes after some identifying words. Quotation mark Quotation mark The teacher said, “This assignment is due next Monday.” Capital letter for complete sentence Do not capitalize the F rst letter in a quotation if it’s not the F rst word in the complete sentence. Quotation marks “If anyone needs help with it,” she said, “see me during ofF ce hours.” Not the F rst word in the complete sentence, no capital letter If it is a complete sentence and its source is clear, you can let a quota- tion stand on its own, without any identifying words. Speaker (teacher) known “My ofF ce hours are on the F rst page of your syllabus.” Attach identifying words to a quotation with a comma; these identifying words cannot be a sentence on their own. Identifying words attached with comma A student asked, “May we e-mail questions?” Always put quotation marks after commas and periods. Put quotation marks after question marks and exclamation points if they are part of the quoted sentence. Quotation mark Quotation mark The teacher replied, “Yes. Do you all have my address?” Comma Question mark ±or more on commas with quotation marks, see page 682. ¡
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EDITING ESSAYS 698 Part Seven • Punctuation and Capitalization If a question mark or exclamation point is part of your own sentence, put it after the quotation mark. Quotation mark
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2011 for the course COM 155 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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com155_Ch39 - 39 Quotation Marks Understand What Quotation...

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