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com155_Ch41 - 41 Capitalization Using Capital Letters...

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712 41 Capitalization Using Capital Letters Understand Capitalization There are three basic rules of capitalization: Capitalize the first letter of • every new sentence. names of specific people, places, dates, and things. • important words in titles. If you can remember these three rules, you will avoid the most common errors in capitalization. Practice Capitalization Capitalization of Sentences Capitalize the first letter in each new sentence, including the first word in a direct quotation. M ary was surprised when she saw all the people. She asked, “ W hat’s going on here?” IDEA JOURNAL Write a guide to your family: their names, where they live, where they grew up, and where they work. Answers to odd- numbered practice items are at the back of the book. ¡
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EDITING ESSAYS Chapter 41 • Capitalization 713 PRACTICE 1 CAPITALIZING THE FIRST WORD IN A SENTENCE Edit the following paragraph, changing lowercase letters to capital letters as needed. If a sentence is already correct, put a “C” next to it. (1) Many fans of classic films point to 1939 as the greatest year in cinema history. (2) Moviegoers that year were mesmerized by Rhett Butler telling Scarlett O’Hara, “frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn.” (3) the same year, audiences thrilled to the story of little Dorothy, who clicked her heels together and chanted, “there’s no place like home.” (4) the films of 1939 still make movie buffs shake their heads and mutter, “they don’t make movies like that anymore!” Capitalization of Names of Specific People, Places, Dates, and Things Capitalize the first letter in names of specific people, places, dates, and things. Do not capitalize general words such as college as opposed to the specific name: Lincoln College . Look at the examples for each group. People Capitalize the first letter in names of specific people and in titles used with names of specific people. SPECIFIC NOT SPECIFIC Carol Schopfer my friend Dr. D’Ambrosio the physician Professor Shute your professor Aunt Jane, Mother my aunt, my mother The name of a family member is capitalized when the family member is being addressed directly or when the family title is standing in for a first name. For more practice with capitalization, visit Exercise Central at bedfordstmartins .com/realessays . The word president is not capitalized unless it comes directly before a name as part of that person’s title: President George W. Bush. ¡
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EDITING ESSAYS 714 Part Seven • Punctuation and Capitalization Good to see you, Dad. I see Mother is now taking classes. In other instances, do not capitalize. It is my father’s birthday. My mother is taking classes. Places Capitalize the first letter in names of specific buildings, streets, cities, states, regions, and countries.
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