PSY 270 Week 4 Assignment - Depression

PSY 270 Week 4 Assignment - Depression - Depression 1...

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Depression 1 Depression April J. Beck PSY 270 March 27, 2010 Yvonne Moore
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Depression 2 The primary emotions in mood disorders are depression and mania. A person who suffers from depression may consider life to be dark and find its challenges overwhelming. Mania is on the opposite spectrum of depression. When experiencing a manic episode, a person will have an overwhelming since of euphoria, hyperactive energy, and an inflated belief that the world is theirs for the taking (Cormer, 2005). The majority of people who suffer with mood disorders only experience depression, or unipolar disorder. Those with unipolar disorder do not experience bouts of mania and their mood may return to normal, or close to normal, when their depression lifts. People with bipolar disorder experience periods of mania that interchange with periods of depression (Cormer, 2005). Causes of Unipolar Depression Unipolar depression can onset as a result of both external and internal aspects; however, it can often be difficult to pinpoint whether an individual’s depression is a reaction to external stimuli or if it results from an underlying internal issue. There is, however, a direct link between unipolar depression and stress. Research has shown that people who develop depression experience a greater number of stressful events during the month prior to the onset of their disorder than do other people during the Symptoms of Unipolar Depression
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Depression 3 The affects of depression vary from person to person. There are five areas of functioning as they relate to depression: emotional, motivational, behavioral, cognitive, and physical. Emotional Symptoms Those who suffer from depression may often describe themselves as feeling “miserable,” “empty,” and “humiliated.” They typically lose their since of humor, may experience anxiety, anger, or agitation, and may have frequent crying spells (Cormer, 2005). Motivational Symptoms Depressed people generally complain of a lack of drive, initiative, and spontaneity. They may lose their desire to perform normal activities. Doing even the simplest of tasks may seem impossible at times. A depressed person may have to push himself or herself to go to work, eat, or even get out of bed. Behavioral Symptoms People who are depressed tend to be less active and would prefer to just lay in bed all day. In addition, people suffering from depression may isolate themselves. Cognitive Symptoms Depressed people tend to hold negative views of themselves, considering themselves to be inadequate, inferior, and undesirable. They rarely take credit for accomplishments, yet are quick to blame themselves for anything, even if it has nothing
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Depression 4 to do with them. They also tend to be pessimistic and do not strive for change because they believe that nothing good could ever possibly happen to them (Cormer, 2005). Those with depression may often feel confused, have difficulty remembering
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PSY 270 Week 4 Assignment - Depression - Depression 1...

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