Chapter 6 Motivations and Emotion

Chapter 6 Motivations and Emotion - Chapter 6 Motivations...

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Chapter 6 Motivations and Emotion *motivation- psychological and physiological factors that account for the arousal, direction, and persistence of behavior *instincts- unlearned species- specific behaviors that are more complex that reflexes and triggered by environmental events called releasing stimuli *drive- internal motivational behavior that is directed toward the reduction of a physiological need *drive reduction theory- theory that views motivated behavior as directed toward the reduction of the physiological need *optimum-level theory- theory that the body functions best at a specific level of arousal, which varies from one individual to another *cognitive dissonance- aversive stage produced when an individual holds two incompatible thoughts or cognitions *hierarchy of needs- Maslow view that basic needs must be satisfied before higher- level needs can be satisfied *self actualization- need to develop one full potential; the highest level of Maslow hierarchy *obesity- body weight of 20% or more in excess of desirable body weight
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Chapter 6 Motivations and Emotion - Chapter 6 Motivations...

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