Chapter 9 Vocabulary psychology

Chapter 9 Vocabulary psychology - Chapter9Vocabulary...

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Chapter 9 Vocabulary Test September 16 th *lifespan development psychology- study of physical, cognitive, and psychosocial  changes through out the lifespan, from conception to death *nature-theory that holds that physical and cognitive development is genetically  determined *nurture- theory that hold that physical and cognitive development is determined  by environmental factors *behavior genetics- combines psychology and biology that studies the influences  of heredity and environment on behavior *longitudinal study-research technique in which the same participants are tested  or observed repeatedly over a period of time *cross-sectional studies- research technique in which participants, often of  different ages, are tested and observed during a limited time span only once *sequential studies- combine the cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches in  one study *cohort- group of individuals born in the same period *zygote- one-celled organism formed by the union of a sperm and an ovum *mitosis- process of cell division in which each cell contains the same genetic  information as other cells *embryo- a developing organism during the stage when the major organs  systems are formed
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*chromosomes- segments of genetic material located in the nucleus and each  cell; human cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes, once of each pair being  inherited from each parent *genes-units of heredity material that line the chromosomes and provide  information concerning the form and function of each cell *DNA- chemical name for genetic material located in the nucleus of each cell *polygenic inheritance- principal whereby complex traits, such as intelligence and  personality are determined by many genes *fetus- the developing baby from about the 9 th  week after conception until birth *placenta-organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy; produces  hormones that maintain the pregnancy, transmits nourishment to the fetus, and  filters our certain harmful substances *teratogen-any biological, chemical, or physical agent capable of causing birth  defects *critical period- specific time during development when damage may occur or  certain processes should be taking place *fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)- condition found in some children born to mothers  who drank during pregnancy, characterized by lower birth weight, small head  circumference, and mental retardation. *ultrasound procedure-projection of sounds waves on the fetus, uterus, and 
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Sabin during the Fall '09 term at Saint Louis.

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Chapter 9 Vocabulary psychology - Chapter9Vocabulary...

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