Chapter 16 Notes - Chapter 16 Notes I The I and the O of...

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Chapter 16 Notes I. The “I” and the “O” of industrial/ organizational psychology -scientific study and application of psychology to the workplace -Industrial psychology -personal psychology -human resources management -Organizational Psychology -personality, communication, and organizational behavior A.) Industrial Psychology -determine the basic knowledge, skills, abilities, and characteristics to perform a job -must know the employment law (U.S Constitution, Equal Pay Act of 1963, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Age Discrimination in Employment Act 1967, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Civil Rights Acts of 1991) -affirmative action (reduce the effects of decreases of prior discrimination) 1. To correct present inequalities in job and educational opportunity 2. To compensate for past inequalities 3. To provide role models by increasing the number of minority group members in various positions 4. To promote diversity -Job Analysis -description of job responsibilities and the qualities and abilities needed to perform that job -job oriented approach- tasks that make up the job in question -worker oriented approach - human characteristics that are associated with successful job performance -Predicting and Selecting -to predict the success of job candidates before offering or decline a job Ex; interviews, work samples, applications, letters of recommendation, tests, situational exercises -interview is the most frequently uses procedure -are structured (asked the same questions), and unstructured -interviews should be based on job analysis and constant from each candidate, and several interviewers -Testing - Cognitive Ability Test - 50 question test measure level of mental ability -Mechanical ability test- 68 item test, understand physical and mechanical principals - Motor and Sensory Ability Test- using woodwork, wrenches, and screwdrivers, the test takes 12 bolts in prescribed sequence and resembles them in another position. (For factory jobs/ mechanical & automotive)
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- Job Skills and Knowledge Test - self administered battery of six subsets measuring the skill and knowledge for clerical and secretarial work - Personality Test- big 5 factors used for employee screening -Training -planned process by which employees are exposed to learning experiences Designed to teach new skills - on job training- job training on site that can last weeks to months -
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