Psychology Chapter 1 Book Notes

Psychology Chapter 1 Book Notes -...

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Psychology Chapter 1 Book Notes **psychology started at the University of Lepizig in Germany  (1879) I. Wundt and Structuralism   -Wilhelm Wundt ( 1832-1920) established the first psychology laboratory -if researchers could break down the contents of the mind into basic units (like chemistry), they could identify the structure of conscious experiences and its major components -is structuralism, research method is introspection  II.   Functionalism  -Developed in the United States in the  1800’s -William James (1842-1910) stream of consciousness  -If it were broken down into elements functionalism  would loose its reality -wanted to create optimal conditions for learning or  selecting the right workers for various jobs. -1906- James Rowland Angell- functionalism reached its peak III.    Gestalt Psychology -Max Wertheimer (1880-1943), Wolfgang Kohler (1887-1967),  and Kurt Koffka (1886-1941) -The Gestalt Approach began in Germany 1912- when Wertheimer described the visual illusion called  apparent motion (rapid sequence of stationary images creates the illusion of  movement) IV.    The Behavioral Perspective -Early 1900’s Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) *Pavlov studies of digestion in dogs led to important  observation about how animals associate events to their environment. -American psychologist John B. Watson (1878-1958) read Pavlov works. *The founder of behaviorism declared that psychologists should limit their research to observable behaviors
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-B.F. Skinner (1904-1999)- “the greatest contemporary psychologist”
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Psychology Chapter 1 Book Notes -...

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