Psychology Chapter 5

Psychology Chapter 5 - Psychology Chapter 5 Learning...

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Psychology Chapter 5 Learning *learning- relatively permanent change in behavior of the potential to make a response that occurs as a result of an experience *classical conditioning- learning that occurs when two stimuli- a conditioned stimulus (originally a neutral stimulus) and an unconditioned stimulus—are paired and become associated with each other *neutral stimulus (NS)- stimulus that, before conditioning, does not elicit a particular response *unconditioned stimulus(US)- stimulus that automatically produces a response without any previous training *conditioned stimulus (CS)-neutral stimulus that acquires the ability to elicit a conditioned response after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus *unconditioned response (UR)- reaction that is automatically produced when an unconditioned stimulus is presented *conditioned response (CR)- response elicited by a conditioned stimulus that has been paired with an unconditioned stimulus; is similar to unconditioned response *spontaneous recovery- reappearance of an extinguished CR after the passage of time *generalization- occurrence of responses to stimuli that are similar to a CS *discrimination- occurrence of response only to a specific CS *phobia- irrational fear of an activity, object, or situation that is our of proportion to the
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Psychology Chapter 5 - Psychology Chapter 5 Learning...

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