Psychology Key Terms

Psychology Key Terms - PsychologyKeyTerms Chapter1:...

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Psychology Key Terms Chapter 1: August 24, 2009 TEST: September 14? ***(Definitions,  people) *Psychology- science of behavior and mental processes *Bias-beliefs that interfere with objectivity *Law of Parsimony- principle that simple explanations of phenomena and  preferred to complex explanations. *Placebo Effect- in drug research, positive effects associated with a person’s  belief and attitudes about the drug, even when it contains no active ingredients *Scientific Method- system of investigation in which a person makes careful  observations of a phenomenon, proposes theories to explain the phenomenon,  makes hypotheses about future behaviors, and then test these hypotheses  through more research and observation *Theory- explanation for a phenomenon based on careful and precise  observations *Hypothesis- prediction about future behaviors that is derived from observations  and theories *Case Study- in-depth of a single person that can often provide suggestions for  further research *Naturalistic Observation- study of behavior in its typical setting, with no attempt  to alter it *Scatterplot- Graph that depicts the relation between two variables
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* Correlation Coefficient- number ranging between -1.00 and +1.00 that  represents the degree and direction of relation between two variables *Representative Sample- sample selected so that it reflects the characteristics of  a population of interest to the researcher *Qualitative Research- a holistic research method that seeks to provide complete  narrative description of an entire phenomenon or culture
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Sabin during the Fall '09 term at Saint Louis.

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Psychology Key Terms - PsychologyKeyTerms Chapter1:...

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