Test 3 Study Guide

Test 3 Study Guide - Test 3 Study Guide Chapter 5...

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Test 3 Study Guide Chapter 5 **Classical Conditioning -Ivan Pavlov -surgically inserted a tube into the dogs mouth and measured the amount Of saliva produced at the sight of food - -neutral stimulus-stimulus that before conditioning does not elicit a particular response - unconditioned stimulus- stimulus that automatically prodcues response without any pervious training -Conditioned stimulus- neutral stimulus that acquires the ability to elicit a Conditioned response after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus -Unconditioned response- reaction that is automatically produced when an unconditioned stimulus is presented -conditioned response- response elicited by a conditioned stimulus that has been paired with an unconditioned stimulus -Two events called stimuli pair and cause an association between the two -The NS (neutral stimulus) is presented (participant notices it but no reaction), and paired with an US (unconditioned stimulus), after the NS gets transformed into conditioned response *NS turns to CS, because it’s continually paired with US *pairing causes association between the two events able to predict -US automatically produces a reaction (ex: food=salvia) called the unconditioned response (UR)…UR’s are not learned they are equipped at birth -NS associated with the US transforms to a CS and gets a response for the UR; the response is a conditioned response (CR) -When CS elcits from CR=Classical conditioning **Extinction -present the controlled stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus; the behavior will slowly diminish (forgetting the learned behavior)
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**Spontaneous Recovery -“forget the extinction” occurred -the conditioned response recovers some strength **Generalization -occurrence of responses to a stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus -ex: Karen was freighted by the water at the local swimming pool, now she is afraid of all bodies of water **Discrimination -extinguished our fear, response only to a specific conditioned stimulus -your response is approximate to what you are actually scared of **Little Albert -John B. Watson conditioned a 11 month old child to have a phobia of rats. Soon after Little Albert was not only scared of rats he was scared of anything white and furry. Such as Santa’s beard, the Easter Bunny, etc **Taste Aversions -developing a dislike or aversion to flavor or food that has been paired with illness **Operant Learning -law effect-reinforce, promote learning, where punishers lead to unlearning responses -reinforcer- event or stimulus that increase the frequency of the response follows **Positive and Negative Reinforcer -positive- events of stimuli such as food, water, money, and praise presented after the target response occurs
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-negative- events or stimuli that are removed because a bad response has occured -EX: If Agenes picks up all the toys from the bedroom floor (targeted behavior), then her mom will give her more desert at dinner (positive reinforcer)—Positive
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Test 3 Study Guide - Test 3 Study Guide Chapter 5...

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