Sociology - Chapter 2 Sociology Notes Definitions of...

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Chapter 2 Sociology Notes Definitions of Research Methods *causality- the notion that a change in one factor results in a corresponding change in another *research method- approaches that social scientist use investigating the answers to questions *quantitative method- method that seek to obtain information about the social world that cannot be readily converted into numeric form *deductive research- a research approach that starts with a theory, forms a hypothesis, makes empirical observations, and then analyzes the data to confirm, reject, or modify the original theory *inductive approach- a research approach that starts with empirical observations and then works to form a theory *correlation- simultaneous variation in two variables *natural experiment- an event that affects the factor that we believe is causing an outcome, but does not affect the outcome in any way other than through the factor *time order- chronology or sequence of events *alternative explanations-plausible stories that could explain our data but do not fit with our own central hypothesis *spurious- false or misleading *reverse causality- a situation in which the researcher believes that A results in a change in B, but B, in fact, is causing A *dependent variable- the outcome that the researcher is trying to explain *independent variable- a measured factor that the researcher believes has a causal impact
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Sociology - Chapter 2 Sociology Notes Definitions of...

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