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study guide for final - Study Guide for Final Exam: Music...

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Study Guide for Final Exam: Music People - Charles Ives o A modernist composer. Two complementary sides to his work: curiosity and open- mindedness toward experimentation. He also had solid grounding in musical rudiments. o He was the first composer to engage in a systematic program of experimental music. Musical techniques included polytonality, polyrhythm, and tone cluster. - Irving Berlin o An American composer and lyricist widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in history. o Known for writing music and lyrics in the American vernacular: uncomplicated, simple and direct, with his aim being to “reach the heart of the average American” whom he saw as the “real soul of the country” - George Gershwin o Composer and pianist. Wrote more than a dozen Broadway shows; Porgy and Bess were of this collection. He called this show a “folk opera.” Also composed Rhapsody in Blue, a naturalistic piece for orchestra and piano. o Worked as a song plugger on Tin Pan Alley (long days of playing a publishing house’s songs on the piano for prospective buyers - Leonard Bernstein: “West Side Story” o Best known for West Side Story which emphasizes the tri-tone “devils tune.” This story was based off of the Shakespeare play Romeo and Juliet. - Louis Armstrong o Jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans. He shifted the music’s focus from collective improvisation to solo performers. He also demonstrated skills with scat singing (vocalizing using nonsense syllables instead of actual lyrics) o Used 12-bar blues - Duke Ellington o He was a pianist, but his medium of expression was the band itself, and as leader, arranger, and composer.
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He started in D.C. with the Harlem Renaissance. He incorporated strings into his swing group. He was hired to be in the house band at the Cotton Club in Harlem. This was a place for whites of blacks who were accompanied by whites. This led to his fame and he was able to get enough money to hire better musicians. He created very arranged music; he wrote out almost everything. - Dizzy Gillespie o With C. Parker, they founded bebop and modern jazz. He was an American trumpet player, bandleader, singer, and composer o More angular sounds and bigger ranges of instruments o Created Cubop (bebop combined with Cuban music) - Charlie Parker o American jazz saxophonist and composer. Played large role in development of bebop (form of jazz characterized by fast tempos, virtuoso technique, and improvisation based on harmonic structure. - Miles Davis o He was an American trumpeter, bandleader, and composer at the forefront of bebop, cool jazz, hard bop, modal jazz, and jazz fusion. o Used classical musical instruments - John Coltrane o He was a jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career. He helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2011 for the course MUSIC STUD 1704 taught by Professor Meehan during the Fall '10 term at Temple.

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study guide for final - Study Guide for Final Exam: Music...

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