concepts2 - Aneverydayobject Anditshiddengeographies

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And its hidden geographies An everyday object
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Something that happened to be  in my desk… This object can be understood in terms of “hidden geographies”
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This has hidden geographies Geographies of production Geographies of consumption Geographies of regulation Geographies of transportation Geographies of communication
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Geographies of Production Where do Altoids come from? Historical origins Place(s) of production Finished product (the altoid) Raw materials, e.g. sugar Packaging  Raw materials, e.g. metal Place(s) of investment and decision-making Place(s) linked via flows of money, commodities,  decision-making, political influence, etc.
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Sugar Sugar from cane was first consumed in S. Asia  and S.E. Asia Technique of crystallization developed in India  during the 4 th  century CE Large-scale production developed by Arabs and  expanded to the Iberian peninsula in 14 th  and 15 th   c. Became a major crop for New World plantations  produced by African Slaves from the 16 th  c. to the  19 th  c. Current annual production is over 100 million tons
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Wrigley Jr. Company Sells most of its candy outside of the UK from late 18 th which was purchased by Wm. Wrigley Jr. Co. Wm. Wrigley Jr. C. is a subsidiary of Mars, Inc. Mars, Inc.  $30 billion in worldwide revenue in 2008 70,000 employees  Entirely owned by the Mars family, which controls assets of  over $27 billion  The family lives in Virginia and New Jersey 
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Mars, Inc Started in Minneapolis then moved to Chicago in  the 1920s Now has facilities in: Hackettstown, New Jersey Albany, Georgia Burr Ridge, Chicago and Mattoon, Illinois Cleveland, Tennessee Columbia, South Carolina Columbus, Ohio Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania Greenville, Mississippi Waco, Texas Henderson and Reno, Nevada Vernon, California
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What comes from Mars? 3 Musketeers Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Banfield, The Pet Hospital Bounty Buckeye Nutrition Celebrations Cesar (Dog Food) CocoaVia Combos Dove Chocolate Fling Flyte Galaxy (alternative for Dove  Middle East) Greenies (a bone to improve  dogs' breath) Kudos Lockets Maltesers Marathon (UK name for  Snickers until it was renamed in  1990) Mars Bar Mars Delight Mars Planets M-Azing Medi-Cal (Prescription Pet  Food) Milky Way Minstrels Nutro Pedigree
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concepts2 - Aneverydayobject Anditshiddengeographies

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