folkpop3 - TYPES of CULTURE Two general types of culture...

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TYPES of CULTURE
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Two general types of culture Traditional Indigenous Folk Popular
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Indigenous Culture Not (yet) dislocated from where it developed Subject to outside influences from colonial powers British in India (ended) Canadian government over “First Nations” & Inuit (reversed) Scandinavian countries over the Sami (reversed) Mexico over the Mayans (continuing) US government over Native Americans (?) For them, diffusion came (and still comes) hand in hand with political oppression and loss of resources Deliberate attempt to overcome barriers to diffusion and make them “give up their ways” Efforts to disrupt indigenous culture include bureaucratic, economic, and military intervention Variety of responses including passive and active resistance
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The Sami Some Sami kids getting a treat (photo from trekearth.org) Distinctive oral tradition of “yoik”: a , b , c
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Other indigenous peoples Americas Inuit Navajo Hopi Yucatec Maya Guarani Etc. Africa Hutu Maasai Tutsi Zulu Etc. Europe Basques Asia Ainu Andamanese Hmong Karen Etc Oceania Australian aborigines Many more here
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Then… Indigenous cultures in the Western US
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…and now
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By the way…
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Why not use quintiles?
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Or equal intervals?
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Back to the subject of the lecture
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Nunuvut: could it happen in the US? There is a movement worldwide to recognize the rights of indigenous groups and Canada actually awarded the Inuit people control over a new province in 1999
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FOLK & INDIGENOUS CULTURE Transmitted interpersonally Stable, conservative, traditionalist Based on idea of community (shared experience and mutual obligations) Clear-cut social roles, M/F division of labor Adapted to a particular environment POPULAR CULTURE Transmitted by media such as Constantly changing and innovating
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2011 for the course GRG 305 taught by Professor Adams during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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folkpop3 - TYPES of CULTURE Two general types of culture...

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