HBT-09 - HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, and TAOISM Kindred religions...

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HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, and TAOISM Kindred religions
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Prambanan Temple (Hindu and Buddhist, Indonesia) By: Seafetish on Trekearth.com
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Common elements Emphasis on: Acceptance of things the way they are Overcoming desire Humility Surrender of possessions, ambitions, self- defense, etc. Recognition that human life is extremely short and achievements strictly limited All-encompassing way of life: “dharma” Belief in a universal principle of merit: “karma” ( may be linked to reincarnation)
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Common elements Religious training is more like learning to eat properly or ride a bicycle than like choosing between good and evil, God or the Devil What is good is skillful and vice versa Rather than a personal god who metes out punishment for breaking rules, there are universal forces or principles that lead to pain and discomfort if they are ignored
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HINDUISM
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HINDUISM A label that includes a wide range of: Religious practices Customs Beliefs Sacred places Deities Hinduism is tolerant of this variety and accepts a wide range of religious practices, doctrines and beliefs
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Origins of Hinduism Indo-Europeans were polytheistic and worshipped cattle Brought their beliefs to the Indus Valley by relocation diffusion from 1,400 BC Rig Veda (oldest Indo-European document, written ca. 1,200 BC ) is the foundation of Hinduism refers to performance of sacrifices of animals or food items The diversity of religious practice in India suggests a process of syncretism (combination of cultures), between Indo- European practices and even older ones
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Fundamental beliefs of Hinduism Reincarnation Karma Caste system Brahmin Kshatriya Vaisya Shudra Sanctity of the cow
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Brahman Brahman is the supreme reality Brahman has two aspects, transcendent (impersonal and unknowable) and immanent (personal and knowable) In the personal aspect, Brahman is worshipped in various forms People are assumed to be able to relate more easily to certain deities than others Somewhat like the way Mary holds a more important position in Catholic worship than in Protestantism In the impersonal aspect, Brahman lives for 311 trillion years and his life & death define a cosmic cycle
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Deities ( gods / goddesses ) Brahma: god of the creative force Vishnu: god of the sustaining force (incarnated as Krishna and others) Shiva: god of renunciation, release, self-
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2011 for the course GRG 305 taught by Professor Adams during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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HBT-09 - HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, and TAOISM Kindred religions...

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