relig-geog - This element of folk culture persists...

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Unformatted text preview: This element of folk culture persists alongside popular or commodity culture when other elements of folk culture have been abandoned  "Religion" comes from religare (Latin) meaning to fasten or connect loose parts into a whole  Formal regions defined by religion are noticeably different from each other (e.g. the contrast between Catholic and Protestant regions in the Americas and in Europe)--why? Ritual bathing in the Ganges River (Varanasi, India) As religion connects it also divides  Inclusion and exclusion  “Identity” is the glue that holds groups together Personal (who am I?) Geographical (where do I belong?)  Prohibitions that non-believers do not observe act as barriers to diffusion  Reduce and change interactions with persons who are not co-religionists.  In addition, labels like "infidel," "heathen," and "gentile" promote the idea that those with different cultural traditions are bad, evil, or misguided worshipers at a mosque in Pakistan The existing pattern of religions is the result of centuries of diffusion. o Religion defines "Us" and "Them" which shapes diffusion of other traits o Proselytizing (or proselytic) religions promote diffusion outside their cultural region (Christianity) or inside that region (Islam), while ethnic religions do not Major religions correspond to large regions: Christianity : Europe, Americas, Oceania Islam : North Africa, Middle East, parts of S. Asia & S.E. Asia Hinduism : India and part of Sri Lanka Buddhism : parts of S. Asia, much of S.E. Asia, much of E. Asia  The boundaries between religious culture regions are like plate boundaries in the earth's crust: lots of shaking and frequent eruptions.  No rule is hard and fast in geography, however The contact zone between Islam and Hinduism also led to the emergence of the Sikh religion, which reconciles conflicting elements of Hinduism and Islam Various beliefs coexist alongside each other in North America with relatively little conflict http://www.flickr.com/photos/sarahglidden/127900107/ Whether intentionally or not, dietary prohibitions tend to reduce casual interaction between non-coreligionists, and therefore inhibit diffusion across religious lines Commensalism (eating together) symbolizes togetherness  Sociofacts associated with religion tend to both group and divide people, including dietary prohibitions (proscriptions) Hinduism and beef avoidance Jainism, Buddhism, and vegetarianism Ahimsa and karma Kashrut and Dhabiha Halaal Pork avoidance and more Kashrut...
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2011 for the course GRG 305 taught by Professor Adams during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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relig-geog - This element of folk culture persists...

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