04-08 - Fasting (Sawm) Pilgrimmage to Mecca (Hajj) Alms...

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The Rise of Islam Arabian Peninsula Mohammad (c.570-632) Mecca (Ka’ba) Exposure to many religious influences: Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, some pagan 612 CE 1 st Revelation Hijra (622 CE) the journey … Medina 630 – return to Mecca Basic ideas: One God – Allah Day of Judgment “Seal of the Prophets” last prophet Qu-ran Five Pillars Of Islam Proclamation of Faith (Shahadah) Prayer (Salat)
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Unformatted text preview: Fasting (Sawm) Pilgrimmage to Mecca (Hajj) Alms (Zakat) Other duties/restrictions: toleration of dhimmis, no liquor, pork or gambling, up to 4 wives, jihad Origins of the Caliphate / division of Islam Mohammad dies, 632 CE Abu Bakr or Ali ??? Sunni: Abu Bakr, caliphs, Ulama, majority Shia/Shiite: Ali, Imams, Favor descendants of Ali Sufi: mystics...
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04-08 - Fasting (Sawm) Pilgrimmage to Mecca (Hajj) Alms...

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