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Chapter 15 - Arrhenius Theory...

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http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/476/488316/Instructor_Resources/Chapter_14/FG14_05.JPG http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/476/488316/Instructor_Resources/Chapter_14/FG14_06.JPG Arrhenius Theory
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http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/476/488316/Instructor_Resources/Chapter_14/FG14_07-01un.JPG http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/476/488316/Instructor_Resources/Chapter_14/FG14_07-02un.JPG Bronsted-Lowry theory: Conjugate acid-base pairs
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Conjugate acid-base pairs http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/aencmed/targets/illus/ilt/T304743A.gif
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http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/476/488316/Instructor_Resources/Chapter_14/FG14_08.JPG Acid strength and acid ionization constant (K a ) HA (aq) + H 2 O (l) H 3 O + (aq) + A - (aq) Acid ionization constant (K a ) is the equilibrium constant for the above equilibrium Note: Memorize the names of strong acids (table 15.3) and strong bases (table 15.7)
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Water as an acid and a base Dissociation of water and pH scale Ionic product of water: K w = [OH - ][H + ] = 10 -14 Neutral solutions, [OH - ] = [H + ] = 10 -7 M Acidic solutions, [OH - ] < [H + ] Basic solutions, [OH - ] > [H + ]
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