scotty 21 - ChemistryChapter3 Chapter3:OrganicCompounds

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Chemistry Chapter 3 Chapter 3: Organic Compounds Compounds are divided into groups based on functional groups. functional group  is an atom or group of atoms in a compound that is  responsible for the properties of that compound. o Alkanes are the simplest class of compounds and only contain C and H (not a  functional group). They are usually functional groups that are added or changed on an  alkane to make functional groups. 1. Compound with multiple bonds a. Double bond = alkene b. Triple bond = alkyne c. Aromatic ring (arene, benzing ring) 2. Compound C-Y formula ( Y = more electronegative atom) 3. Compounds containing C = O (carbonyl compound or carbonyl functional group) Alkanes      are the simplest class of organic compounds and only contain C and H  atoms. o Known as saturated hydrocarbons (alphatic acids or paratins   oil like) o Found in petroleum (crude oil) o Name ending in alkane = -ane Homologous Series      – series in which each member differs from the one before  it by a CH 2  group (methylene group). Alkanes (structures)
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY 2400 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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scotty 21 - ChemistryChapter3 Chapter3:OrganicCompounds

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