Chapter 12Congress

Chapter 12Congress - Chapter 12 Congress Framers gave...

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Chapter 12 “Congress” Framers gave Congress majority of domestic power and a great deal of foreign policy power Article 1 of Constitution gives congress power to: allocate govt. expenses approve treaties and appointments (senate only) borrow and coin money declare war lay and collect taxes regulate the Army and Navy (at the time, now includes all of military) regulate Interstate Commerce Congress Representing the American People Each member of Congress owes primary responsibility to their constituents The resident in the are from which officials are elected Reapportionment: reallocation of seats in the House based on changes in population since the last census Redistricting: redrawing of congressional districts to benefit an incumbent, political party, or other group Gerry-mandering: drawing of legislative districts to benefit an incumbent, political party, or other group Majority minority district: district composed of a majority of a minority community Congress is a bicameral legislature Social composition: white, protestant, men, lawyers House and Senate Differences in Representation House: 435 members 2 year terms no term limits membership varies by population (13 in GA) minimum age: 25 must be a US citizen for at least 7 years
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Senate: 100 members 6 year terms no term limits 2 senators per state minimum age 30 must be US citizen for at least 9 years used to be elected by state legislatures but the 17 th amendment provided for direct election in 1913 Electoral Connection
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Chapter 12Congress - Chapter 12 Congress Framers gave...

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