Chapter5 - Chapter 5 Civil Rights Civil Liberties: areas of...

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Chapter 5 “Civil Rights” Civil Liberties : areas of personal freedom protected from improper govt. action Civil rights : legal or moral claims for protection that citizens are entitled to make on govt. Rights and privileges guaranteed to all citizens under the equal protection and due process clauses of the 5 th and 14 th amendments Civil Rights Certain Segments of the population have struggled for civil rights American core values and the Constitution have been at odds Slavery; Dred Scott v Sanford (1857) (black people are not citizens) Women’s Rights; Seneca Falls Convention (1848) Civil Rights and the Civil War Subsequent amendments passed after the Civil War serve as the legal foundation for civil rights: 13 th (1865) – abolished slavery 14 th (1866) – granted all citizens equal protection and due process of law Equal Protection Clause is the basis for civil rights 15 th (1870) – guaranteed voting rights to black men After reconstruction, southern states began to enact Black Codes and Jim Crow
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Chapter5 - Chapter 5 Civil Rights Civil Liberties: areas of...

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