# sol7 - Algebra Assignment 7 Solutions 1 Let G be a nite...

This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

Algebra , Assignment 7 Solutions 1. Let G be a finite group and let a, b G with a b . [Here denotes conjugacy.] Show o ( a ) = o ( b ). Solution: So b = g - 1 ag so if a n = e then b n = g - 1 a n g = g - 1 g = e . Also a = gbg - 1 so if b n = e then a n = gb n g - 1 = gg - 1 = e . As the powers giving e are the same the minimal powers (the orders) are the same. 2. Let G denote the set of linear functions f ( x ) = mx + b on the real line with m negationslash = 0. Denote such a function by ( m, b ). Define a product f * g as the function h ( x ) = g ( f ( x )). (Check assignment 1 and the solutions for earlier work on this group.) Recall C ( f ) , N ( f ) denote the conjugate class and the normalizer of f . Solution Note: We’ll write g ( x ) = cx + d below and look at when fg = gf . We have g - 1 ( x ) = ( x d ) /c . (a) Describe C ( f ) and N ( f ) when m negationslash = 1 and b negationslash = 0. Solution: For g N ( f ) we want gf = fg so m ( cx + d ) + b = c ( mx + b ) + d so that md + b = cb + d or ( m 1) d = b ( c 1). Note m 1 negationslash = 0 and b negationslash = 0. So for each c negationslash = 1 we have d = b ( c 1) / ( m 1). This can also be written b m 1 = d c 1 which has a nice interpretation. Set β = - b m - 1 so that f ( β ) = β . Then g N ( f ) if and only if g ( β ) = β . For the centralizer in general g - 1 fg ( x ) = g ( f ( g - 1 ( x ))) = c bracketleftbigg m parenleftbigg x d c

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

### What students are saying

• As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern