University of Illinois at Chicago
CI 550 Conflicts in Curriculum Development
Dr. Marvin Lynn
Curriculum and Social Reality in Paulo Freire on Higher Education
"Reflection and action upon the world in order to transform it." Through praxis, oppressed people can
acquire a critical awareness of their own condition, and, with their allies, struggle for liberation.”
This eassy show us the praxis model of curriculum theory in the conversations
Freire and faculty members of the National University of Mexico in 1984. Before we express main
ideas of this "dialogue" with Freire,
a background historical and conceptual is presented.
The way we understand and theorize curriculum has altered over the years.
its origins in the running/chariot tracks of Greek, and it was explained in modern times by John
Franklin Bobbitt in 1918 as the course of deeds and experiences through which children become the
adults they should be, for success in adult society
. Thirty-two years later, curriculum is defined as all
learning experiences that students gain as a result of the planning, guidance and supervision of the
educational institution, whether individual or group, and within or outside the school, in pursuit of
certain educational purposes
. In the U.S., each state builds its curriculum with great participation of
national academic subject groups selected by the United States Department of Education. The National
Curriculum for England in English schools, and in Australia each state's Education Department
establishes curricula. In worldwide the UNESCO's International Bureau of Education has the primary
mission to implement
curricula. In general, curriculum means the range of courses from which
students choose what subject matters to study, and a specific learning program. So, a typical curriculum
includes communications, numeracy, information technology, and social skills units, with specific,
Bobbitt, John Franklin. The Curriculum. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1918.
Tayler, Ralph “Basic Principles of Currículum” University of Chicago Press, 1950.