Team NATS Chapter 5 Question Responses

Team NATS Chapter 5 Question Responses - Team NATS Chapter...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Team NATS Chapter 5 Question Responses
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
MGT-325 Management Information Systems 1. How should a business store, access, and distribute data and information about its internal operations and external environment? In the early years of electronic information compilation, many businesses employed the use of a Traditional File Processing System to enable information storage and distribution. The Traditional File Processing structure uses separate computer programs and independent data files for each aspect of a company i.e. Supply Chain and HR. The design is somewhat rigid in that information supporting different internal business functions cannot be easily exported into a single report. Businesses today typically employ the use of a Database Management Approach for managing their organizational data. This approach to managing data is enabled by the use of software known as a Database Management System (DBMS) to control the creation, maintenance, and use of organizational databases. Such a system eliminates many of the major problems associated with Traditional File Processing Systems such as data redundancy and lack of data integration. The DBMS enables a company to use one central data warehouse in which all functions of a business can access and maintain data about the business and its employees. Using the DBMS approach, company management can very easily retrieve and assemble
Background image of page 2
related information from all aspects of the organization and use the information to help make strategic business decisions. If for example the department manager of a company is looking for ways in which his department output can be optimized, he may use internal information to try and make a connection between actual productivity, average employee salary, and how his department is performing against internal benchmarks. The information used in his analysis could then be exported to a comprehensive report and shared with other department managers for evaluation. The same basic principles can be applied to management of information regarding the external business environment. A firm may elect to maintain certain aspects of their competition, such as product offerings and publically available financial data. The management of a company would like to have this information to ensure they are not losing competitive ground and capitalize on any potential market opportunities not currently being fulfilled by their competition. 3. What are the advantages of a database management approach to the file processing approach? Give examples to illustrate your answer. The file processing approach was too expensive, slow, and inefficient because it stored and organized data in separate records. The major problems with this type of system include information being unnecessarily repeated multiple times, data depending on other software and hardware to be accessed (format and structure issues), data not being standardized among different users (one employee entering information about a customer in a different manner than someone else within the company), and data not being
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

Team NATS Chapter 5 Question Responses - Team NATS Chapter...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online