Summaries Chapter 13&14

Summaries Chapter 13&14 - Chapter 13 1...

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Chapter 13: 1. Understanding psychological disorders takes into consideration their origins, symptoms, development, and how behavior relates to cultural and social norms. (p. 506) 2. The dividing line between normal and abnormal behavior is often determined by the social or cultural context in which a particular behavior occurs. (p. 507) 3. Psychopathology is the scientific study of the origins, symptoms, and development of psychological disorders. (p. 507) 4. A psychological disorder is a pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes significant personal distress, impairs the ability to function in one or more important areas of daily life, or both. (p. 507) 5. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-IV-TR, describes the specific symptoms and diagnostic guidelines for different psychological disorders. (p. 507) 6. A study conducted in 1998 found that people with mental disorders were no more violent than those who were deemed as “normal.” (p. 508) 7. The NCS found that the prevalence of certain mental disorders differed for men and women; women had a higher prevalence of anxiety and depression whereas men had a higher prevalence of substance abuse disorders and antisocial personality disorder. (p. 510) 8. Some of the key diagnostic categories found in DSM-IV-TR include: substance- related disorders, somatoform disorders, sexual or gender identity disorders, sleep disorders, and eating disorders. (p. 511) 9. Eating disorders are generally known as any disturbance in eating behavior that involves obsessive concerns about becoming overweight, a distorted body image, and the inability to maintain a healthy body weight. (p. 511) 10. Sleep disorders are categorized as disruptions in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep. (p. 511) 11. The main symptom of anxiety disorders is intense anxiety that disrupts normal functioning. (p. 512) 12. Anxiety is known as an unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension, and worry. (p. 512) 13. The most common anxiety disorder is GAD, or generalized anxiety disorder, which is categorized by excessive, global, persistent symptoms of anxiety. (p. 512) 14. The three features that distinguish normal anxiety from pathological anxiety are: pathological anxiety is irrational, uncontrollable, and disruptive. (p. 512) 15. In most cases, anxiety usually dissipates when the threatening situation is resolved. (p. 512) 16. For GAD, however, when one source of anxiety is resolved, another pops up to take its place. (p. 512) 17. A panic attack is a sudden, episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates in intensity. (p. 513) 18. The most common symptoms of a panic attack include: a pounding heart, rapid breathing, breathlessness, and a choking sensation. (p. 513)
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19. When panic attacks are frequent and unexpected, the person is said to be suffering from panic disorder. (p. 513) 20. Most panic attacks can be attributed to some form of stressful source, however, about
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Summaries Chapter 13&14 - Chapter 13 1...

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