LEB Unit Two Notes

LEB Unit Two Notes - Negligenceintentisnotanelement 1....

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Negligence-intent is not an element 1. Duty of reasonable care 2. Breach of duty a. Skill level b. Occupation c. Conduct of others d. Emergency situation 3. Causation a. Have to prove the defendant was the cause of the tort b. Don’t just owe you a duty and they breached it c. That cause has to be why you are injured d. To show element number three, need to have two elements e. Proximate causation-causation in the eyes of the law, legal causation i. Factual causation is the first element of legal causation, depending on  the court will take one of two legal views 1. Causation in fact (“but-for” causation)-would the injury not  have occurred “but for” the defendant’s carelessness a. If prof didn’t strike her on knee, injury wouldn’t have  happened if he didn’t do it 2. Substantial factor-says defendants carelessness was a  substantial factor in the injury, easier burden 3. One and two are factors, not both, either/or but i. and ii. Are  factors, AND ii. Reasonable foresee ability-Plaintiff has to show that there was a  reasonable foresee ability
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1. Dominos falling, at some point, he is off the hook, it is no  longer reasonably foreseeable 2. On the hook for every domino that is reasonably foreseeable  3. Point where that ends is point where reasonable foresee ability  ends 4. Jury or fact finder has to decide that 5. At what point do we let the defendant off the hook? iii. To show cause, must show factual causation and reasonable foresee  ability f. Independent intervening cause  i. Something can break chain of causation between defendant’s  careless act and plaintiff’s injury, third party or source can break up  connecting chain, foresee ability is key D Careless--------------------------------------  P Injured D Careless---------3 rd  party/source-------- P Injured ii. If you foresee a third party stepping in, if you know what you are going  to do is going to lead to a situation where someone else can lead to  injury, don’t get let off hook iii. Reasonably foreseeable doesn’t let you off hook iv. Must be something you did not plan on-lightning, terrorism, act of  nature, must be truly independent v. Case:  family blames false medical test on all their problems, called  hospital negligent, blamed loss of job and marital problems on test 1. at what point was test off the hook for causing their problems 2. no finding of proximate cause if the negligence was so remote  as a matter of law that the actor (one who committed the 
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negligence) cannot be held legally responsible for the subsequent harm 3. so remote that we can no longer justify putting you on the hook for that
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LEB Unit Two Notes - Negligenceintentisnotanelement 1....

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