chapter 8 notes in class

chapter 8 notes in class - language-issues Ex) ape...

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Eye movements and reading comprehension -fixations and rapid eye movements or saccades provide snapshots - Process models of reading -immediacy assumption -Eye-mind assumption Studying language in animals -is language special to humans? -why do we care? -animal tests because we cant use humans -finding from these studies are generalized to humans - -processes that are defined, in partly, by language? -declarative memory; consciousness; rule-based learning; representing in propositions -can we assume that animals only have these processes if they also have language? Contrasts to animal communication -only language uses symbols -productivity is ability to create novel sentences that can be understood by other speakers of the
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Unformatted text preview: language-issues Ex) ape language-what were they able to learn??: sign language ( symbolic language)-do they understand the signs as arbitrary symbols or is it more in the manner of a rat pressing a lever to get food behavioral conditioning) ?-arbitrariness: can look like communication but it also looks like behavioral conditioning (not convincing-because pigeons can also do this): Apes grammar-can they have structure in their language? Bottom line on ape language: not able to be productive; have some rudimentary capacity to treat signs as symbols, and some capacity: grammar 70 MC 35 from 1-6 35 from 7-10 No anatomy charts Bring scantron...
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