Unformatted text preview: L8 Services and General Office Practices and Manufacturing Manufacturing
BG C. 3 and 4 Service Industry Service Every service business (forprofit or non profit) has a facility which uses: Transportation Consumes paper Uses utilities Uses other services and has vendors Host events or fundraisers Strategies for Service Business Strategies
1. 2. 3. 4. Clean up your own operations Manage your ripple effect Evaluate threats Evaluate opportunities Facilities: Getting Started Facilities: Energy efficiency Technology Internal/External lighting, appliances, CFL Networks,routers,printers,faxes,copiers,inventory Suppliers, customer discard, buy back programs, recycling efforts, precycling efforts Use technology, recycled materials, reduce printing Compost, energy efficient appliances, wash dishes End of Life Paper Products Breakroom Greatest Opportunity: Manage Ripples Manage Largest impact from suppliers/partners Norm Thompson – Ship all Together program Staples – preconsumer recycled products, buy back Giving your business to other sustainable companies Lenders – economic development or detriment? Office supplies and procurement SCORE SCORE
Practice Pilot Initiative Systemic Poin t s Office Supplies/Equi pment Identify targets Have system in place to routinely assess impacts and progress routinely assess impacts and progress Have a system for monitoring and communicating energy efficiency including behavioral changes 80% or more of office and purchasing categories supplies and equipment come from sustainable sources Achieve climate neutrality 100% green power Energy Improve efficiency Move toward renewables Conduct an audit and act on results At the Forefront: Manufacturing and Product Design Product Why? Energy usage, oil usage, depletes natural resources, generates byproduct waste, hazardous material, genetic engineering. Beyond quality control ISO 9000 We all like new products and ones that make our life better or more convenient. Are we willing to change to help manufacturing change quicker? Benefits to Manufacturers Benefits Improve efficiency, not just quality control Save energy Improve product reliability Reduce hazardous waste material Eliminate waste to zero waste Lose customers if not sustainable Avoid bad press Shut out of entire markets Pressure from customers, NGO’s Life Cycle Assessment Life National Gypsum Company: Wallboard Produc As an active member of the U.S. Green Building Council, National Gypsum fully endorses the Council’s four “Rs” calling for the Reduction, Reuse, Recycling, and Renewal of our natural resources and materials. http://www.nationalgypsum.com/about/company_info/green.aspx Process water is recycled, resulting in zero discharge. Storm water runoff is treated in sedimentation ponds prior to discharge. Dust collected in baghouse systems is recycled into the process. Stateoftheart baghouses are designed for particulate removal efficiency greater than 99.9%. Solvents used to wash parts, waste oils, spent vehicle batteries, and scrap metal are sent to thirdpart recyclers. Green Practices Green 3 R’s R’s Energy optimization systems are installed on kilns to conserve fuel. Infrared technology is used to detect kiln leaks and balance kiln temperatures for greater efficiency. All combustion sources are equipped with low NOx burners to reduce emissions. Gypsum board facing papers are produced from recycled paper at its four paper mills. Waste gypsum board goes back into the system and trimmings from paper rolls are sent to the company’s paper product plants for recycling. Waste product can be added to the gypsum board production process. Waste gypsum board produced at National Gypsum board plants also goes back into the system Trimmings from paper rolls are sent to the paper plants for recycling. Strategies Strategies Product Design Design for Environment: reduce environmental impacts of a product in production and end use. Less material Less energy Different product altogether Less/eliminate chemicals Durability and longevity Designing for disassembly Designing for end of life Easily disassembled or reused HP Global Citizenship Report: Letter fr HP Hurd Global citizenship is HP’s comprehensive commitment to hold ourselves to a higher standard of integrity, transparency and accountability, helping us balance our values and business goals with our impact on society and the planet. We have three priority areas: raising social and environmental standards in our supply chain, improving the energy efficiency of our operations and products to help combat climate change, and promoting product reuse and recycling. We also continue to focus on enriching the quality of life for people and communities around the world to be a force for positive and lasting change. Our efforts include supporting human and labor rights, making strategic social investments and protecting the privacy of customer and employee information. » Learn more about HP’s commitment to global citizenship. California Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 (known as SB20), retailers (and HP Partners) selling or leasing in California video display devices covered by the law must collect a fee from the consumer at the time of purchase. Retailers and HP Partners are allowed to keep 3% of that fee amount to cover their administrative costs. The remainder of the fee must be remitted to the California Board of Equalization. For details on fee remittance, see http:// www.boe.ca.gov/sptaxprog/ewaste.htm. Retailers and HP Partners should monitor the California Integrated Waste Management Board's website ( www.ciwmb.ca.gov/electronics/Act2003) for updates and guidance. Devices covered under SB20 Cathode ray tube containing devices (CRT devices) Cathode ray tubes (CRTs) Computer monitors containing CRTs Laptop computers with liquid crystal display (LCD) screens LCD containing desktop monitors Televisions containing CRTs Televisions containing LCD screens Plasma televisions Portable DVD players containing LCD screens http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalcitizenship/environment/recycle/sb20retailer.html Life Cycle Costing Life Assess cost over the life cycle of product Costing helps see the benefit/risk of: Longevity Safety Disposal costs Vinyl floors are the cheapest option, but do not last long. Are they worth the cost? What are the costs? Grey/Black List, No Not “A” List Grey/Black Grey list: countries phasing out chemicals Black list: chemicals not permitted at all Sony Playstation banned in EU due to cadmium (RoHS) Carcinogen – cancer Teratogen –birth defects Endocrine disruptor – mimics hormones Mutagen – mutates genetic code Bioaccumlative toxin – remains in body tissue RoHS RoHS European Union’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive or RoHS Effective on July 1, 2006 Restricts the use of certain materials Lead Mercury Cadmium hexavalent chromium brominecontaining flame retardants: PBB (polybrominated biphenyls) PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers) in electrical and electronic products. New Regulation 10-16-08 New Environmental Protection Agency The EPA last set a standard for lead at 1.5 micrograms per cubic meter of air in 1978. The new standard is 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter. In response to more than 6,000 scientific studies since 1990 that show that lead is dangerous to the human body at much lower levels than previously known. The EPA was under a court order. The case was filed by the Missouri Coalition for the Environment in the U.S. District Court in St. Louis in September 2005. Strategies Strategies Converting products to service: a customer doesn’t want the product, they want the service it provides. Biomimicry: nature does not foul its own nest. Using nature as inspiration to design. Lease options Interface, Inc. Copy machines, cars Biomimicry Example Biomimicry YouTube Janine Benyus : 12 sustainable design ideas from nature Zero Waste Zero The quality movement created Zero Defect Thus, Zero Waste Drives innovation and efficiency It does not mean you zero byproducts You find markets for your unused material “Zero Waste to Landfill” for solid waste Also focus on emissions/energy/air pollution waste reduction You paid for it, don’t waste it. Sell it. New Zero Waste Technologies New YouTube Salt Water Fuel YouTube Daimler Chrysler's Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car YouTube Vertical Algae biofuel Growing (see description and invest) YouTube Water Fuel Car YouTube Air Car (1 of 2) from France SCORE SCORE
Manufacturing Industry: Record Score. Add them up. Average to find outcome score. Practice Pilot Initiative Systemic Points Design for environment Redesign Every 5 years redesign one product Every 5 years, redesign most products Have products 3rd party certified Packaging Minimize Minimize impacts LCA on packaging Take action needed Reduce packaging by 20% weight/volume Convert to packaging 100% reusable, recyclable, or biodegradable ...
View Full Document
- Spring '09
- Industrial ecology, Product Design Product, Waste gypsum board, process. Waste gypsum, mills. Waste gypsum