Unformatted text preview: L14. Purchasing and Labels Labels
“What Goes in Must Come Out” Choices and Impacts Choices What to buy and how to work with suppliers? Procurement: allow time for research and life Procurement: cycle costing cycle Controlling inventory and pre or postconsumer EPA: Environmental Purchasing Policies P. 24 Green Seal: Green Seal Certification and Standards Avoid grey and black lists 2 Strategies for Procurement Strategies 1. Purchasing practices 2. Purchasing projects Adopting an Environmental Preferable Adopting Purchasing Policy Purchasing Determining choice A,B, or C. Which is better? Time consuming, research intensive 1. Purchasing Practices 1. EPP: formal policies or accepted practices EPP: formed in an Environmental Preferable Purchase policy. Purchase Ecolabel schemes Internet search ease for Ecolabel employees/customers employees/customers RFP’s and contracts: require sustainability Service contracts to align supplier business Service practices with your own practices L15 Labels/Certifications L15
Building Awareness Consumer Trust Emerging Market Emerging GreenerChoices.org | Eco-labels center What makes a good ecolabel? Virtual tour View label index View certifier index A Good Source for Worldwide Labels Labels ecolabelling.org - All North America ecolabels ecolabels Quality Assurance International ENERGY STAR A joint program of the U.S. Environmental joint Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy that promotes energy efficient products and practices. ecolabelling.org - Energy Star: USA U.S. Green Building Council U.S. LEED certification provides independent, LEED third-party verification that a building project meets the highest green building and performance measures. All certified projects receive a LEED plaque, which is the nationally recognized symbol demonstrating that a building is environmentally responsible, profitable and a healthy place to live and work. LEED Professional Accreditation distinguishes LEED building professionals with the knowledge and skills to successfully steward the LEED certification process. LEED Accredited Professionals (LEED APs) have LEED demonstrated a thorough understanding of green building practices and principles and the LEED Rating System. Marine Stewardship Council Council Environmental standard for sustainable fishing. Wellmanaged fisheries that are independently certified e managed may use the blue MSC ecolabel on seafood from their fishery. fishery. Strict rules are in place to control how the ecolabel can Strict be used. Before a store can sell fish or seafood with the MSC label, every company in the supply chain must be certified as meeting the MSC Chain of Custody standard for seafood traceability. This ensures that products with the MSC ecolabel can be traced back to a certified fishery. certified Protected Harvest Protected Protected Harvest is an eco-label with the stated mission of helping farmers meet environmental standards that yield high quality products and preserve healthy land for future generations. preserve Each Protected Harvest production standard is written to reflect the unique Each growing requirements and environmental considerations of the crop and the specific bioregion in which it is grown. A “typical” standard is divided into four major sections: whole farm management, soil and water management, and air quality management. The Protected Harvest parent company, SureHarvest, provides technical The support and collaborates with qualified organizations to develop region– and crop– specific verifiable environmental performance standards, which are peer reviewed before being presented to the Protected Harvest Advisory Board for adoption. Advisory Rainforest Alliance Rainforest Rainforest Alliance certification is a Rainforest comprehensive process that promotes and guarantees improvements in agriculture and forestry. ensures that goods and services were ensures produced in compliance with strict guidelines protecting the environment, wildlife, workers and local communities. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has put in place a set of The national standards that food labeled "organic" must meet, whether it is grown in the United States or imported from other countries. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones. Organic food is produced without using most conventional pesticides; fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge; bioengineering; or ionizing radiation. The National Organic Program (NOP) develops, implements, The and administers national production, handling, and labeling standards for organic agricultural products. The NOP also accredits the certifying agents (foreign and domestic) who inspect organic production and handling operations to certify that they meet USDA standards. that Green Seal certified products meet science-based Green environmental certification standards that are credible and transparent. Green Seal utilize a life-cycle approach. Products only become Green Seal certified after rigorous testing and evaluation, including on-site plant visits. Product categories cleaners, cleaning services, electric chillers, fleet care cleaners, maintenance, hand cleaners, lodging properties, paints, coatings, paper, newsprint, windows, doors promotes environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests. management FSC Chain of Custody certification ensuring that products have met FSC FSC standards from raw materials through processing, transformation, manufacturing, and distribution. manufacturing, There are 7 different FSC logos FSC 100% - Products from forests certified as meeting the FSC Standards FSC Recycled - Products which support re-use of forest resources and use only postconsumer reclaimed material in accordance with FSC standards. FSC Mixed Sources (from well managed forests and other controlled sources) FSC Mixed Sources (from well managed forests, controlled sources, and recycled wood or fibre)* FSC Mixed Sources (from well managed forests and recycled wood or fibre)* fibre)* Products with the FSC Mixed Sources label contain at least 70% FSC Products FSC certified and recycled material. certified Fair Trade Certified | Transfair Transfair USA | Fair Trade Overview Fair Trade is much more than a fair price! Fair Trade Fair principles include: principles Fair price: Democratically organized farmer groups receive a guaranteed minimum floor price and an additional premium for certified organic products. Farmer organizations are also eligible for pre-harvest credit. eligible Fair labor conditions: Workers on Fair Trade farms enjoy freedom of association, safe working conditions, and living wages. Forced child labor is strictly prohibited. Direct trade: With Fair Trade, importers purchase from Fair Direct Trade producer groups as directly as possible, eliminating unnecessary middlemen and empowering farmers to develop the business capacity necessary to compete in the global marketplace. 1. Purchasing Practices Supply chain environmental management Supply system (EMS) system Notify vendors: want to keep using them, but Notify looking for alternatives looking Survey suppliers: what’s in your product? Create coalitions: create a reliable market Create Supplier workshops: collaborate/explore Supplier improvement processes improvement Partner with an NGO that has the same goal: Fair trade/shade grown coffee for long-term supply Fair contracts contracts 1. Purchasing Practices 1. Buy from renewable Buy energy sources energy PG&E ClimateSmart PG&E PG&E will invest 100% of your PG&E payment in independently verified greenhouse gas emission reduction projects in California, like conserving and restoring forests and capturing methane gas from dairy farms and landfills. landfills. The ClimateSmart projects absorb or The reduce over time an equal amount of CO2 from the atmosphere, balancing out the climate impact of your energy use. the http://www.pge.com/myhome/environment/whatyoucando/climatesmart/climatesmarthowitworks/index.shtml Comparative Analyses Comparative Create checklists to score:
Low VOC Durable Repairable Reusable Post consumer recycled content Biodegradable No/low toxicity
Duration Home® Interior (Sherwin Williams) Lower-odor, low-VOC ABC D Zero VOC Milk (Casein) Natural materials,
No solvents, no VOCs No waste. Purchasing Con’t Purchasing Use LCA, LCC to choose long term value Request data from suppliers or vendors Do the math, what gets measured gets done 2. Purchasing Projects 2. Conduct a waste/purchasing audit What gets wasted from what we purchase?
Food Water Paper Recyclables Metals Glass Design exhibits from waste collection to educate Design consumers: design long-term disposal of the display display 2. Purchasing Projects 2. Create a reliable market Purchasing power of small business requires Purchasing partnering with other businesses partnering Drive down price from increased demand Contracts to ensure supply of material Wal-Mart, Patagonia, Nike = organic cotton back Wal-Mart, in the USA in 2. Purchasing Projects 2. Research sustainable alternatives for a specific Research function or department function Determine priorities Determine Research options Weight and compare options Create Checklists Create
Criterion Reusable Recyclable Energy Effficient Non-toxic Cruelty free Minimal packaging Local Total Weight 10 8 10 8 4 7 5 A 30 50 20 60 20 80 0 260 B 40 20 30 80 20 80 10 280 C 50 50 50 100 20 50 20 340 SCORE SCORE Create an EPP Conduct purchasing audit Supplier influence Contracting Meaningful progress measurement systems ...
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- Spring '09
- Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, FSC Mixed Sources, FSC Products FSC, FSC FSC standards