Historical Background of Communist Manifesto--student

Historical Background of Communist Manifesto--student -...

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Comparative Economic Systems Boyer's: "The Historical Background of the Communist Manifesto" Grand Valley State University Dr. Daniel Giedeman
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The Economic Arguments in the Communist Manifesto and their Sources The Manifesto of the Communist Party Published in London in 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Marx—son of prosperous German lawyer Engels—son of a cotton-spinning factory owner It is one of the most influential and widely-read documents of the past two centuries. Section 2 of the Communist Manifesto states that the aims of the communists "may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property"
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The Economic Arguments in the Communist Manifesto and their Sources Bourgeoisie: Upper Class Proletariat: Working Class As a result of mechanization, the laborer had become a mere "appendage of the machine." As the condition of the working class continues to deteriorate, at some point it will become clear that the bourgeoisie is not fit to rule society, and then the "veiled civil war, raging within existing society . . . breaks out into open revolution." The proletariat will overthrow the bourgeoisie, and destroy private property. This process is inevitable: "The development of modern industry . . . cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own grave- diggers"
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The Economic Arguments in the Communist Manifesto and their Sources The Manifesto concludes with the famous words: "The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working men of all countries, unite!" Anything appealing to you in what you learned about the Communist Manifesto ?
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The Background behind the Manifesto While the Manifesto was written by Marx, its economic analysis was strongly influenced by Engels's "practical experience of capitalism" in his family's cotton firm in Manchester, England, in 1842-44.
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Conditions for Workers Development of capitalism led to the creation of great manufacturing towns Living conditions in these towns were horrible Poorly constructed housing Inadequate water supplies Completely lacking in drainage facilities High Death Rates 1 of every 30.8 people in Manchester died each year Compared to 1 in 45 for England and Wales
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course ECO 365 taught by Professor Giederman during the Winter '11 term at Grand Valley State University.

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