The Politics of Market Socialism--student

The Politics of Market Socialism--student - Comparative...

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Comparative Economic Systems Shleifer & Vishny: "The Politics of Market Socialism" Grand Valley State University Dr. Daniel Giedeman
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Introduction “Under all forms of market socialism, from Lange (1936) to the present, the state ultimately controls the firms, and hence politicians’ objectives must determine resource allocation.”
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Introduction Two arguments against democratic market socialism: 1) No democratic government is likely to place sufficient weight on economic efficiency, regardless of whether the economy is capitalist or socialist. 2) The damage from the government pursuing its “political” objectives will be much greater under socialism than under capitalism because, under socialism, the government has a greater ability to determine outcomes at the firm level.
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Background on Economic Thought Lange established that a central planner can clear markets just as well as a Walrasian Auctioneer Lange went on to present several reasons why socialism is superior (p. 166): 1) The state can distribute income more equitably 2) Since the state controls all firms, it can solve the problem of externalities 3) Since the state sets prices and determines entry, it can avoid monopolies
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Background on Economic Thought “Lange’s arguments rely heavily on the government’s pursuit of efficiency” “The actual experience of socialist countries has, of course, been rather different.” instead of raising prices to clear markets, they typically maintain shortages pursued equality through murder and repression Which likely didn’t increase social welfare
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The Politics of Market Socialism--student - Comparative...

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