CJ 350 Chapter 2 Lecture (Winter 2011)

CJ 350 Chapter 2 Lecture (Winter 2011) - CJ350 Dr.Kierkus...

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    CJ 350 Dr. Kierkus January 2011 Understanding the Extent  of Juvenile Delinquency
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    Introduction Before we can start studying the juvenile  justice system we need to answer a few basic  questions: How extensive is  juvenile delinquency  in the  United States, and to what degree has it changed  over time? How extensive are  juvenile justice interventions,   and to what degree have they changed? The answers depend on what data are used  to develop the answers.
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    Compiled by juvenile justice agencies (e.g.,  police, juvenile courts, juvenile corrections.) Information is most frequently used by policy  makers to understand youth and the offenses they  commit. Represent a combined measure of: How much delinquency exists. How the juvenile justice system “does business”. It’s often tough to separate the two. Trends (upward or downward) can represent a change in  either delinquency or system response. Official Data Sources
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    The Uniform Crime Report Focuses on Part I or “ Index Offenses ” and  Part II Crimes (less serious). Three types of data: Frequency and kinds of offenses. Frequency of arrests. Data on characteristics of offenders. Indicates that juvenile crime is a significant  problem (1.6 million arrests in 2002). Indicates that most (85%) arrests of persons  under 18 are for nonviolent offenses.
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  Juvenile crime has been fairly stable over  the last 25 years. Arrests for violent index offenses increased  between 1988 and 1994. Declined since that time. Has been fluctuating recently. Generally, juvenile crime has  not  increased  or become more serious over time. Public is much more likely to take notice of (and  remember) increases as opposed to decreases. Better reporting and focus on spectacular cases. Juvenile Arrest Trends
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CJ 350 Chapter 2 Lecture (Winter 2011) - CJ350 Dr.Kierkus...

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